Australian Newsagency Blog

A blog on issues affecting Australia's newsagents, media and small business generally.

Magazine unit sales in newsagencies decline 10.7% in March quarter

Mark Fletcher
May 16th, 2016 · 7 Comments

RETAIL NEWSAGENCY SALES BENCHMARK STUDY: JAN–MAR 2016 vs. 2015

This year on year same-store newsagency sales benchmark study is an analysis of basket data from 163 newsagencies: city and country, shopping centre and high street, banner groups (Newspower, Nextra, newsXpress) and independent.

2016 has kicked off with a challenging first quarter for many newsagents, traffic and revenue are down year on year and still too few are embracing categories outside what has been traditional for the channel.

Too many newsagents are drifting, waiting for something to happen rather than forcing change in their businesses.

  • Customer traffic. 67% of newsagents report average decline of 1.8%.
  • Overall sales. 75% reported an average revenue decline of 1.3%.
  • Basket depth. 62% report a 1.8% decrease in basket size.
  • Basket dollar value. 68% report a decrease in basket value of 1.9%.
  • Discounting. 33% of respondents use a structured loyalty offer such as points or some other discount.

Benchmark results by key departments:

  1. Magazines. 82% of report an average decline in unit sales of 10.7%. The average decline in weeklies was 10.9%.
  2. Newspapers. 78% report average decline in over the counter unit sales of 6.9%. The decline was somewhat contained by promotions but nowhere near as much as has happened with promotions in the past.
  3. Greeting cards. 62% of report average revenue decline of 3.2%. This is concerning.
  4. Lotteries. 62% of those with lotteries report average decline of 2% in transactions.
  5. Stationery. 73% of newsagents report a decline, with an average of 5.4%.
  6. Ink. 28% of stores report ink separately. Of these, 54% reported increase of 3%.
  7. Gifts. Of the 61% with gifts, 67% report average growth of 6.2%.
  8. Tobacco. Of the 42% with tobacco, 82% report an average decline of 17%.
  9. Confectionery. 63% of stores reported an average decline of 5%.
  10. Toys. Of the 20% with toys, 62% report growth of 5%.

Data from the newsagents included in the study indicate extraordinary differences between businesses at either end of the performance scale.

For example, in one newsagency, magazine sales are down 35%, cards are down 13%, stationery is down 11%. The business does not sell gifts, toys or anything outside the very traditional core newsagency mix. This business is in serious trouble.

In another newsagency, magazine sales are down 22%, cards are down .5%, gifts are up 17% and account for more revenue than cards. Toys are up 250% as a result of this being a relatively new category for the business. What the business is losing in one category it is gaining in another because of deliberate decisions being taken.

There is good news for newsagents working on their businesses, pursuing new traffic. I see this working in many situations.

In terms of magazines, looking closely at a subset of businesses in the benchmark study, I can see no evidence of in-store marketing for magazine driving sales. Businesses with excellent aisle-end displays experienced results similar to those businesses that did little or no in-store promotion.

In the last study, I saw results for a store that reflected a considerable turnaround. I made a video of the story: https://youtu.be/f-YilFlFG68 This same store has delivered excellent results this quarter, achieving further growth.

In my own newsagency: key category numbers off a good base, are: Diaries: up 219%. Cards up 17%. Gifts up 25% and account for 16% of sales; Magazines down 3% and weeklies down 3%; Stationery up 3%, Plush up 33%. Traffic: down 6%; Average Sale Value: up 10%; Average Item Value: up 5%. Revenue up 4%. This business has no agency products.

BENCHMARK GOALS

I am often asked for benchmark goals newsagents ought to aim for. Here are some benchmarks I have developed in my work with newsagency marketing group newsXpress and through my newsagency software company Tower Systems:

  1. Gross profit: this is the goal gross profit for all product sales not taking into account any revenue or costs related to any agency business. The traditional newsagency average is 28% to 32%. For a newsagency focused on the future, the goal has to be at least 45%.
  1. Ratio of Gift revenue to Card revenue: 50% minimum. The goal ought to be 100% or more. If you do $100K a year in cards, target to do $100K in gifts, or more.
  2. Revenue per employee – $250 an hour minimum.
  3. Revenue PSQM $4,500 – $8,500 depending on country versus city / high street to shopping centre and depending of the product mix. Higher GP lower revenue required.
  4. Overall revenue mix percentage targets: Cards: 25%; Gifts/toys/plush: 25%; Stat: 10%; magazines/newspapers: 20%; other: 15%.
  5. FLOORSPACE ALLOCATION: Cards: 25%; Gifts/toys/plush: 25%; Stat: 8%; magazines/newspapers: 15%; other products: 15%; office/back room / counter: 12%. It’s rare you make money from an office or store room.
  6. Mark-up goals: Stationery: 125%; Gifts 110%; plush: 110%.
  7. Occupancy cost: between 9% and 11% of revenue where revenue is product revenue plus commission from agency lines. Location and situation are a big factor in this benchmark. For example, a large shopping centre business will have a higher cost than a high street situation. NOTE: It is easy to say the landlord is responsible for this ratio. As the retailer you are responsible for margin and revenue.
  8. Labour cost: between 9% and 11% of revenue where revenue is product revenue plus commission from agency lines. Labour cost should include fair market costs for all who work in the business. (See above).
14 likes

Category: Newsagency benchmark · newsagency of the future

7 responses so far ↓

  • 1 Colin // May 17, 2016 at 12:24 AM

    Mark,

    The department numbers are a shocking reminder of where we are with magazines. 10% year on year declines are unsustainable in any industry. The publishers and distributors can restructure as much as like, but unless they find a solution to generating more income in newsagents, and by that I mean higher margins, then the rush for the exit is going to swamp them.

    I say this even though my recent magazine sales have not fallen by 10% .. I am still planning for the next phase of their reduction and replacement with more gifts.

    Not surprised at the card numbers. My perception is that some card companies are pushing the price too hard in recovering last year’s exchange rate movement. I am selling similar number of cards at similar revenues, despite many cards going up 10-20%. Which indicates customers are price resistant and trading down.

    3 likes

  • 2 Bruce G // May 17, 2016 at 11:00 AM

    olin, With Greeting cards we too are similar sales figures while the prices have risen! Food for thought.
    The whole survey looks like a tough thing to digest.
    Mark has been saying for years that the industry has to change. This shows that he was right.

    1 likes

  • 3 Mark Fletcher // May 17, 2016 at 11:10 AM

    I am in the US this week at a retail conference. Back Friday. I will look at card unit sales.

    0 likes

  • 4 Mark Fletcher // May 26, 2016 at 5:50 AM

    I have checked card sales and the position on unit sales mirrors the position on price. In other words, there is no noticeable movement attributable to price point.

    1 likes

  • 5 Colin // May 28, 2016 at 8:44 AM

    Mark,

    Thanks for following up.

    So if sales revenues for cards were down 3.2%, unit sales were down by a larger %…..?

    0 likes

  • 6 Mark Fletcher // May 28, 2016 at 9:18 AM

    Less than .5 difference between them on average.

    0 likes

  • 7 Colin // Jun 1, 2016 at 11:29 PM

    Today the AUD surged on news that the economy is growing 3% per annum with retail as one of the drivers. This really puts these benchmark study numbers of the same quarter into perspective. A 1% fall is in reality and 4% fall if other sectors are growing 3%.

    0 likes

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